Here's some of the toxic legacy narratives that are easiest to detect:
- Learning happens by getting taught. You won't get it right or get it at all if you try to teach this to yourself.
- The best way to learn something is by getting taught it, not by teaching it to someone else.
- The way you'll succeed with new knowledge is to receive it from an expert in that knowledge area, not some aspirant, newbie or amateur.
- You'll really know something once you've been presented with it and passed a test on it, not when you can put it to the test in your practical use of it.
- What you really need to know is what can be conveyed to you while you're seated: listening or reading, not when you're playing around or having fun with it.
- If it's easy to learn it will be easily forgotten, and if it's an overwhelming burden to learn, it will stick with you for life.
- Learning is a discipline that requires great rigor, not a natural process that flows from curiosity and intrinsic motivation.